Having a cat and want to know how to treat cancer in cats. All cells that develop and divide without control are a threat to every living being. Knowing which types of cancer are most common in cats can therefore help to prevent them. Here in this article we are going to share about the signs of cancer in cats and their symptoms.
Cancer is the leading cause of death in cats and one in five cats are likely to suffer, so it is important to know how to detect the cat cancer it as soon as the first signs of the disease appear. Masses or tumors are formed when the cells multiply too quickly. Thus they will be malignant or benign depending on the speed and their ability to invade other tissues and they can also be divided into sarcomas or carcinomas.
On the other hand, there are many cases of leukemia in cats it is a cancer that affects the bone marrow, in which the blood cells are made. This causes the appearance of a large number of a typical cells in the blood and the abnormal growth of lymphocytes a blood cell that leads to lymphoma.
Cat Cancer Symptoms How do they Appear?
Genetic predisposition and exposure to sunlight or chemical carcinogens can trigger different types of cancer in cats. Infections such as feline leukemia virus or feline immuno deficiency virus promote the development of certain types of cancer in cats. Fortunately these two viruses are easy to detect.
Nevertheless prevention is not always easy. Weakness and weight loss, lack of appetite, lumps on or below the skin, bleeding, changes in the eyes or wounds that do not heal require an urgent visit to the veterinarian. Strange mewing, fur in bad conditions or continuous agitation also indicate that something unnatural is happening.
X-rays, ultrasound scans, surgical or needle biopsies and fine needle punctures help detect different types of cancer in cats. Blood tests are a routine that must be performed periodically, especially in cats that have already reached a certain age. Computed Axial Tomography (CAT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are sophisticated techniques (MRI) they confirm the diagnosis and help plan the best treatment.
Common Types of Cancer in Cats
Lymphoma or lymphosarcoma is the most common cancer in cats, the solid tumor comes from the white blood cell called lymphocyte, linked to the immune system. It can appear in many places at lymph nodes, the chest cavity, the gastrointestinal tract, the nasal cavity, the kidneys and the nervous system.
The surgery chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the treatment options and in these cases the response of the cat can be very favorable. It is not always easy to treat a cat with cancer but its quality of life should be your priority. On the other hand squamous cell carcinoma affects the skin and the sun’s rays are its triggers. The tumor usually affects the nose or ears and it may look like a scratch or sore that does not heal properly. However metastasis is not recurrent for this type of cancer.
Likewise mammary carcinoma affects the mammary glands, often in fertile females although the sterilized glands are not spared and males either. Multiple nodules or swollen and hardened areas should alert you. This pathology can spread to the local lymph nodes and lungs. Finally early treatment of simple and small nodules makes the difference. Extirpation of the tumor and adjacent tissues and sometimes chemotherapy are very effective fighting mechanisms.
Serious Cases of Cats
- Mastocytoma affects the skin, spleen or intestines, where it is usually very aggressive because it causes an obstruction. It metastasizes easily especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, liver or spleen. Surgery, radiation or chemotherapy are curative options for this case.
- Oral squamous cell carcinoma is caused by cells lining the mouth or throat. It affects the cat tongue and sometimes invades the bones and lymph nodes, usually causing difficulties in feeding, salivation and halitosis. It should be noted that it is difficult to treat.
- Fibrosarcoma or soft tissue sarcoma. It is formed from connective tissue under the skin. The combination of surgery with radiotherapy and chemotherapy is recommended, the prognosis is variable.
- Osteosarcoma affects the bones at the extremities, spine or skull. It causes fractures a lot of pain and a lame gait and can spread to the lymph nodes and lungs. Again surgery, radiation and chemotherapy can be a solution.
At the Level of the Lungs
- Respiratory, nasal or pulmonary carcinoma is most common in the muzzle and lung cancer in cats. It causes difficulty breathing, snorting, sneezing, coughing and nasal secretions. It can spread in the bones and when the clinical symptoms appear it has in general already metastasized. Surgery and chemotherapy are still effective alternatives.
- Adenocarcinomas affect a large intestine and small intestines which can be widely invaded. They progress very quickly causing loss of appetite and weight, vomiting and diarrhea. In addition they usually extend to the local lymph nodes. The treatment indicated is the surgical procedure.
- Pancreatic and hepatic adenocarcinomas of the bile ducts are not very common. They cause jaundice, depression, weight loss, vomiting and abdominal distension. The vital prognosis is unfortunately generally compromised.
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With this you will have an idea of cancer in cats their signs and symptoms. If you want to know more about the cancer for cats then you can simply visit our catsfud website. Share the article and let the other cat lovers know about this.