What are Ear Mites in Cats? : There are several types of mites that can live in the ears of cats, but the most common are Otodectescynotis, tiny eight-legged parasites that feed on the wax in a cat’s ear canal. At the end you have a life cycle of approximately three weeks, and they are visible to the naked eye as whitish dots, often moving actively. These parasites are found in large quantities in the ears, even in kittens.
Ear mites can infect the external and internal auditory channel causing irritation, and sometimes they can lead to more severe infections of the skin or ears if left untreated. The infection usually produces a very typical dark wax that in the most severe cases, can completely obstruct the duct
How do they get infected?
They are highly contagious, as they are transmitted from one animal to another in casual contact at home or on walks abroad. Although they can infect dogs and cats, they are much more common in cats, and they are responsible for more than 50 percent of all feline ear infections. Humans are usually immune to ear mites.
Ear mites in Cats | What are the Symptoms?
– Cats that scratch or rub their ears excessively
– Shaking of the head
– Civitas and dermatitis
– Black or dark brown waxy secretion
– Bad smell in the ear
– Inflammation of the ear
– Scratches or scabs near the ear
What are Some of the Problems?
In addition to the development of skin infections and hypersensitivity (antibodies develop over time and may produce Type I or Arthur hypersensitivity reaction, which may persist after acaricidal treatment), as a result of intense scratching and shaking of the head, Small blood vessels can break. This is known as a hematoma and may require surgical treatment.
Are there cats with more risk?
Although ear mites can infect cats of all ages, they are more common in kittens and outdoor life cats.
What should I do if I think my cat has ear mites?
It is important to go to the consultation for an accurate diagnosis. There we will take a sample of the secretion in the ear and study it with a microscope.
How are ear mites treated?
The treatment should be directed to eliminate the limits and regenerate the epithelium.
Ear mites can be treated with products that are applied directly to the ear or drugs that are applied to the skin, existing several spot-on pipettes very effective and comfortable, all must be prescribed by a veterinarian
It is necessary to clean the soft ear (without forgetting the folds of the vertical channel), but gently, using swabs or cotton swabs impregnated in a specific liquid for this use, to eliminate parasites and their residues. It must be done gently to avoid damaging the ear. Daily cleaning is not recommended, as it can irritate the ear excessively and injure it even more; in severe cases, it is advisable to treat every 4-5 days on 3 or 4 occasions, and then weekly or every 10 days.
How can I prevent ear mites?
Routine observation of your cat’s ears will alert you of any problem in time. If one of the house cats has been diagnosed with ear mites, be sure to clean your bedding and check the ears of the rest of the house hairs, as they are highly contagious.
Tips Remove Ear Mites in Cats?
Although mites have a treatment and a simple solution, it is better to prevent than to cure. Therefore, keep in mind these little tricks to prevent your cat’s ears from becoming infected with mites:
• Use an effective antiparasitic. There are medicines, such as those that prevent the infestation of mites and other types of parasites: fleas, heartworms. It is applied to the back of the cat’s neck and will prevent the development of new parasites.
• Protect the legs of the cat with fipronil. The fipronil effectively fights the ticks, lice, fleas and other parasites that the cat has. In this way, if your cat scratches its ears with its legs, it will prevent new mite infestations.
• Keep a clean environment. Use environmental insecticides to fight fleas and other parasites and avoid a new infestation.
• Help your cat to have a stronger immune system. The infestations also attack the immune system, therefore, so that you can deal with other infestations by some type of parasite, it is important that your immune system is strong. Offer a healthy and quality diet that covers all your needs.
• Take your pet to the vet. Make the appropriate visits to the specialist to keep track of the state of health of your cat and, before some of the symptoms described above, take it to your consultation so that you can put the appropriate treatment.