Toxic Plants For Cats
Poisonous Plants For Cats: Although sometimes you are tempted to offer your cat some of what you are eating, you must bear in mind that the best way to feed it is through the combination of dry and wet feed. This solution is the only one that can guarantee that your cat will not eat any prohibited food that could harm it.
What we may not know is that these species can pose a threat to our cats. They are very curious animals and they love nibbling plants. Kittens have a greater danger because they like to investigate everything and do not put limits on their curiosity. A cat that sale of house surely is more selective or at least has option to choose which plant bites (although this does not exempt of a possible intoxication). But one who lives in the interior only has access to those plants that we introduce into our homes.
The toxicity of the different plants occurs according to the part they ingest. There are certain toxic species in their entirety (leaves, flowers, roots / bulbs, seeds) and others that only one of the parties presents a risk, such as fruits. According to the toxic principle of each plant we can find different types of disorders: digestive, neurological, cardiac or dermatological and ocular.
Foods Probhibited for Cats
There are a number of foods that are extremely dangerous for cats, and that can seriously damage your health. The main ones are:
- Chocolate: contains theobromine, which is an alkaloid stimulating the central nervous system. Once ingested, it takes a long time to be eliminated from the body of the cat, and can produce an acceleration of the heart rate, excitation, diarrhea, vomiting, and even death.
- Caffeine: is another stimulant of the nervous system of cats and, as such, can cause important disorders in it. Its effects are manifested through restlessness, accelerated breathing, palpitations, seizures, and diarrhea.
- Chicken bones cooked, boiled, or roasted: they are not toxic to cats but they can be harmful, because chicken bones are easily splintered, and can cause havoc in the mouth or digestive system.
- Onion, chives, leeks and garlic: they contain thiosulfate, which is a compound that damages red blood cells. If you supply any of these foods to your cat, either in large doses or continuously, you can cause anemia or gastrointestinal problems, manifested by weakness, anemia, inappetence, vomiting, and apathy.
- Beer and alcohol in general: in small doses, it is not lethal, but if your cat takes it, it can suffer drowsiness, disorientation, urinary incontinence and even develop aggressive behaviors.
- Avocado: without becoming toxic, it is harmful because excess fat can cause feline stomach disorders or pancreatitis.
- Nuts: regardless of whether they contain salt or not, it is discouraged for cats to consume them in the event that they develop kidney failure, vomiting, diarrhea and other digestive problems.
Poisonous plants for cats
The list of the main poisonous plants for cats are the following:
- Flower or Christmas plant.
In contrast, there are other beneficial plants for cats, with very positive effects for their health. Among the most relevant, stand out:
- Chamomile: useful for problems related to the gastrointestinal tract, wounds and eye cleaning.
- Ginger: relieves digestive disorders and is effective for feline cold.
- Wheat, oats or barley: essential vegetables so that your cat can purge itself, regurgitate dead hairs and other substances ingested when they clean themselves.
- Nepeta cataria (Nébeda), also called catnip: it is a plant that produces attraction in most cats due to its smell, very similar to that of mint. If your cat ingests it, its nervous system will be stimulated and you will be able to observe behaviors similar to those carried out by cats during the breeding season. In the market they are marketed in different ways, by means of snacks, prepackaged or in seeds with a pot.
- Holly: The holly, which is a small tree known by its bright red fruit that are used as Christmas ornament produces toxicity if both leaves and fruit and seeds are ingested. The holly contains saponins and with a minimum dose that they ingest, already symptoms of intoxication would be produced that generally are gastrointestinal.
- Mistletoe: The mistletoe, popular for bringing good luck and happiness to lovers kissing beneath it, has relatively toxic white fruits, although it requires a higher intake to produce a significant intoxication. Mistletoe contains viscotoxin and this can produce from gastrointestinal disorders by irritation, cardiovascular damage, collapse, bradycardia (low heart rate) and dyspnea (respiratory distress).
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Symptoms When Cats Eat Poisonous Plants
If your cat loves to nibble the leaves of plants you should be careful, since there are many varieties that can be toxic or poisonous, causing eye damage, dermatitis, digestive disorders, kidney, and even disturbances of the nervous system. For this reason, it is important that you go immediately to the veterinarian if you observe any of the following symptoms after the ingestion:
- Irritations on the skin and eyes.
- Intense salivation.
- Respiratory problems.
- Abdominal pain.